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Archive for June 2010

June 30, 2010 Video of USA Capitals Relationship to 9/11 and the Gulf Oil Spill by Pastor Gallups

There are no coincidences, this pastor’s video shows the relationship of the 9/11 disaster and the gulf oil spill with the original capitals of the USA and with Britain.

An excellent observation and presentation by a pastor with several important videos of discovery.

Nando

http://www.fivedoves.com/letters/june2010/jim630.htm

Jim Bramlett (30 June 2010)
Pastor Gallups’ new video


Dear friends:

Pastor Carl Gallups has a fascinating new video just out, sharing a revelation he believes he was given connecting 9-11-01 with the recent Gulf oil spill.  It contains some interesting, little-known American history.

Check it out.  It is at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=53WnjBS5UWE

Jim

Written by twelvebooks

June 30, 2010 at 2:45 pm

29 de Junio 2010 El Desastre del pozo de petroleo Horizon, informe Ruso

Para los visitantes de habla espanola les estoy incluyendo este articulo sobre el desastre del Golfo.

No se si es verdadero o falso, fue enviado a mi y de la misma manera lo paso a ustedes.

Nando

Lean para que se encrispen los pelos!!!!!!!!


DE SER CIERTO ESTO Y SE LLEGARA A USAR UNA DENOTACIÓN NUCLEAR EN EL GOLFO DE MEXICO PARA SELLAR EL POZO DE PETROLEO, –LO CUAL PUEDE SUCEDER SIN QUE NOS ENTEREMOS ANTES,– PODRIA TRAER CONSECUENCIAS NO PREVISTAS, COMO TERREMOTOS O MAREMOTOS EN LOS PAISES VECINOS….  ENTRE ELLOS, LAS ISLAS DEL CARIBE, QUE PODRIAN QUEDAR BORRADAS DEL MAPA…  CONVIENE ESTAR PREPARADOS, PORQUE NO SABEMOS EL DIA NI LA HORA.

Por: Sorcha Faal y como lo informa a sus suscriptores Occidentales

Un preocupante reporte que circula hoy por el Kremlin y que fue preparado para el Primer Ministro Putin de parte de Anatoly Sagalevich del Instituto Shirshov de Oceanología de Rusia advierte que el fondo marino del Golfo de México ha quedado fracturado “irreparablemente” y nuestro planeta debe comenzar a prepararse para un desastre ecológico “más allá de toda comprensión” a menos que se emprendan “medidas extraordinarias” para detener el flujo masivo de petróleo hacia el onceavo cuerpo de agua más grande del mundo.

Lo más importante en observar sobre la advertencia de Sagalevich es que él y sus colegas científicos de la Academia Rusa de Ciencias son los únicos seres humanos que han estado en el sitio del derrame petrolero en el Golfo de México después de haber sido llamados a la escena del desastre de parte de la gigantesca petrolera Británica, la British Petroleum poco después del hundimiento de la plataforma Deepwater Horizon el 22 de abril.

El llamado que hizo la BP a Sagalevich después de que comenzó esta catástrofe se debe a que él tiene el récord mundial de buceo profundo en agua dulce y su experiencia en los dos vehículos de Sumergencia Profunda de Rusia, el MIR 1 y el MIR 2 que tienen la capacidad de llevar a sus tripulaciones a una profundidad de 6,000 metros (19,685 pies).

Según el reporte de Sagalevich, el derrame petrolero hacia el Golfo de México no está saliendo solamente del pozo de 22 pulgadas que muestran los Estadounidenses en la televisión, sino de por lo menos otros 18 sitios sobre el “fondo marino fracturado” siendo el más grande de 11 kilómetros (7 millas) desde donde se hundió la Deepwater Horizon y está vomitando a borbotones estas preciosas aguas con unos 2 millones de galones de petróleo por día.

Es interesante hacer la observación sobre este reporte de Sagalevich señalando que él y otros científicos Rusos fueron requeridos por los Estados Unidos para firmar documentos que les prohibía reportar sus hallazgos a ningún medio ya fuese Estadounidense o de otro país, y que lo tuvieron que hacer para operar de forma legal en aguas territoriales Estadounidenses.

No obstante, Sagalevich dice que él y otros científicos dieron actualizaciones casi por hora tanto al gobierno Estadounidense como a los funcionarios de la BP sobre lo que estaban viendo en el fondo marino, incluyendo al Senador Estadounidense del Estado de Florida, Bill Nelson que después de tal información señaló a la cadena noticiosa MSNBC “Andrea estamos viendo algo nuevo justo ahora, de que hay reportes de que el petróleo está filtrando hacia arriba desde el fondo marino… lo que indicaría, si esto fuese cierto, que la cubierta del pozo está de verdad perforada debajo del fondo marino. Así que, tu sabes, los problemas podrían ser enormes con los que nos estamos enfrentando”.

Aunque no directamente señalado en el reporte de Sagalevich, los hallazgos de los científicos Rusos sobre el verdadero estado del desastre petrolero del Golfo de México están, más allá de toda duda, siendo filtrados a su amigo de mucho tiempo, Matthew Simmons quien fuera el asesor principal sobre energía del ex Presidente George W. Bush, a quien los reportes de los medios Estadounidenses señalan abiertamente: “Matthew Simmons se está apegando a su historia de que hay otro gigantesco derrame en el Golfo de México bombeando tremendas cantidades de petróleo hacia el Golfo. En “Fast Money” de la CNBC, dice que le sorprendería si la BP pudiera pasar de este verano, diciendo que este desastre es culpa completa de la BP”.

Como persona prominente dentro de la industria petrolera y uno de los más destacados expertos del mundo en el pico petrolero, Simmons, señala además que los Estados Unidos tienen una sola opción” dejar que se seque el pozo (lo que tomaría 30 años y arruinaría el océano Atlántico) o detonarlo nuclearmente”.

El gobierno de Obama, por otro lado, ha indicado que no se está discutiendo la opción nuclear para dar fin a esta catástrofe lo que lo pone en conflicto con los expertos Rusos y Estadounidenses que abogan por esta medida extrema antes de que todo esté perdido y como lo informa el diario Británico, The Telegraph:

“La antigua ex Unión Soviética (URSS) utilizó armas nucleares en cinco ocasiones distintas entre 1966 y 1981 para apagar exitosamente pozos de gas y petróleo en la superficie (hubo un solo intento que falló) y que fue documentado por un reporte del Departamento de Energía de los Estados Unidos sobre los usos pacíficos de la URSS de explosiones nucleares.

Rusia está apremiando ahora a los Estados unidos para que considere hacer lo mismo.

El Komsomoloskaya Pravda, el diario Ruso de mayor venta, asegura que aunque se base en la experiencia Soviética, existe una oportunidad en cinco de que el pozo pudiera no sellar , es “una apuesta que los Estadounidenses tendrían que arriesgar”.

Se dice que la URSS desarrolló dispositivos nucleares especiales para cerrar los pozos de gas utilizando la teoría de que la explosión de una detonación nuclear taparía cualquier pozo en un rango de 25 a 30 metros, dependiendo de la potencia del dispositivo. Tanto como lo he imaginado en mi tiempo libre, las explosiones masivas pueden usarse para hacer colapsar un pozo en fuga, tapando así, o al menos contener sustancialmente el flujo de petróleo.

“La detonación nuclear del fondo marino está comenzando a sonar sorprendentemente factible y apropiada” es la cita que se informa dijo el Ingeniero Mecánico de la Universidad de Texas, Michael E. Webber mientras que el investigador visitante sobre política nuclear y ex oficial naval Christopher Brownfield escribió en el Daily Beast. “Ya hubiéramos demolido este pozo con explosivos desde hace un mes. Y todavía vemos con insoportable suspenso mientras la BP va torpemente usando y deschando plan tras plan para recuperar su petróleo y cubrir su propiedad”.

En cuanto a la razón del gobierno de Obama para negarse a considerar el detonar este pozo por medios nucleares, Sagalevich señala en este reporte que la “preocupación principal” de los Estados Unidos no es la catástrofe ambiental que está causando este desastre sino más bien el impacto que el uso de un arma nuclear para detener este derrame tendría sobre la continua producción de petróleo del Golfo de México y que en un mundo hambriento de energía continua siendo la única región productora de petróleo del planeta capaz de aumentar su producción.

Encima de la catástrofe ambiental que está ocurriendo actualmente en el Golfo de México, la situación podría empeorar pues nuevos informes de los Estados Unidos están confirmando sombría predicciones de los científicos Rusos concernientes a los venenos de dispersión de petróleo que está usando la BP y que están siendo recogidos hacia las nubes y cayendo como lluvia tóxica destruyendo a toda las plantas vivas que toca y como lo detallamos en nuestra pieza del 23 de mayo titulado “Las Lluvias Tóxicas del Derrame Petrolero Podrían Destruir a América del Norte”.

El resultado final de esta catástrofe lo ignoramos nosotros, sólo nos queda señalar lo obvio que es la opción que confronta hoy Estados unidos que es o detener este desastre por cualquier otro medio, o pagarlo muy caro después.

Después de todo, ¿vale el petróleo barato el costo de destruir a nuestro propio planeta? La BP seguramente lo cree así, pero esperemos que Obama no.

Written by twelvebooks

June 29, 2010 at 1:39 pm

Posted in Horizon Oil Well

JUNE 28, 2010 THE SEVEN YEARS OF TRIBULATION

JUNE 28, 2010 THE SEVEN YEARS OF TRIBULATION

The link on this article takes you to 12 videos of about 9 minutes each.

The author explains a lot of very significant concepts involving prophetic interpretation.

It is a very good source of information on the keeping of dates according to God’s time, the Sabbath, the Jubilees, the seventy weeks of Shavuot from the book of Daniel and many other things. There are so many concepts involved that it would be very hard to follow for the person who is not well versed in the Bible. Even for those it is a lot of information, but I recommend saving it to study in detail. His seven years of tribulation may be off by a year as I see it.

The charts in the videos are worth getting if possible from the author.

Nando

http://www.fivedoves.com/letters/june2010/kay628.htm

Kay (28 June 2010)
Daniels Timeline – Part 1 of 12 – Understanding End Time Prophecy/Tribulation Period –THIS WILL BLOW YOUR SOCKS OFF!


This is ASTOUNDING!!!  Exact dates! Not someone’s theory; all backed by scripture!!!

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S1bkB1nShSU&feature=related

Kay

Written by twelvebooks

June 29, 2010 at 12:38 am

Jim Bramlett (24 June 2010) “EXCLUSIVE! BREAKING! OIL SPILL IN GULF – Hand of God?”

This article by Jim Bramlet has two videos that are very good. One is about the oil disaster being a direct result of the actions against Israel by the US in the UN and the other is an update of a video that is refered here before about Obama.

Nando

http://www.fivedoves.com/letters/june2010/jim624.htm

Jim Bramlett (24 June 2010)
EXCLUSIVE! BREAKING! OIL SPILL IN GULF – Hand of God?


Dear friends:

This link was sent to me by the producer, Pastor Carl Gallups, to whom God has given many startling revelations lately, including the name Barack Obama as being mentioned by Jesus in the New Testament.

This latest discovery contains a correlation that seems unmistakable evidence that this oil spill is a judgment from God.  Check it out.  You will be amazed.  This solidly confirms what many believe and have spoken.

See http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tPtaMgqOwL4

Jim

P.S. For the link I referred to in the first paragraph above, see http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sgHUZXgNAWo

Written by twelvebooks

June 24, 2010 at 11:15 pm

Ola Ilori (23 June 2010) “50 – DAY PENTECOST COUNTDOWN STARTS!!!”

I have posted before the article that explains the revised dates for the Feasts of the Lord for Israel. This article uses these revised dates to figure the day of Pentecost.

Nando

http://www.fivedoves.com/letters/june2010/ola623.htm

Ola Ilori (23 June 2010)
50 – DAY PENTECOST COUNTDOWN STARTS!!!


Hi Doves,
Today begins the 50 Day countdown to Pentecost that correctly falls on the 11th of August 2010 (29th of Tammuz).
Since the rapture didn’t occur on the 21st of June, it can only mean the rapture will be on Pentecost!!!
It may be the reason why we have different Calendars with different Pentecost Dates.
The Devil is trying very hard to muddy the waters in order to confuse the elect!
I believe the Lord new this would happen that’s why He has provided use with signs that we can use as markers to point use to the correct Day of Pentecost.
Consider the following:
On the 29th of Tammuz 34 AD, which was the Day of Pentecost Peter said,
“But this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel:
“And it shall come to pass in the Last Days, says God. That I will pour out of My Spirit on all flesh” (Act 2:16,17)
If we were in the Last Days then, almost 2000 Years ago, what are we in now?
We can only conclude that Peter and the other disciples were living in the beginning of the Last Days while we, today, are living in the end of the Last Days.
Which means we can to expect the Judgement of God to hit the Human race at Pentecost!!!
The oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico started with a methane gas explosion on an oil rig.
As a result, over the last 65 Days, more than 270 million gallons of oil have been pouring into the sea!!!
The oil even has the appearance of blood on the sea!!!
We are seeing, before our very eyes, the fulfilment of Joel prophecy, which was quoted by Peter on the Day of Pentecost.
“I will show…signs in the earth beneath: Blood and fire and vapour of smoke.” (Acts 2:19)
Check out the following link.
In the picture we can see fire and smoke as a result of the gas explosion on the oil rig.
In the other picture we can also see oil that looks like blood!!!
Peter continues to quote the prophet Joel and says:
“The sun shall be turned into darkness…before the Coming of the Great and Awesome Day of the Lord.” (Acts 2:20,21)
Peter is referring to the Total Solar Eclipse that will occur on the 11th of July 2010, BEFORE the Day of the Lord on the 11th of August 2010!!!
The Day of the Lord, based on the evidence before us, is most likely the Day of the Rapture.
Be encourage everyone, I believe we are going home on the 11th of August 2010.
Ola

Written by twelvebooks

June 23, 2010 at 1:59 pm

Posted in Pentecost

Tagged with ,

Mark Shelley (22 June 2010) “9th of Av Dates and Times (Tisha B’Av)”

This article about the jewish calendar day 9 Av is very good and explains all the things that have happened to Israel and the Jews on the 9 of Av.

I hope Israel’s enemies understand that the God of Israel is again protecting and gathering His people back into their promised land and this is a bad day to plan an evil thing against the nation of Israel. This is a warning to all who plan evil against Israel.

Good post Mark Shelley. I hope your trip out of Iraq goes on as planned.

Nando

http://www.fivedoves.com/letters/june2010/marks622.htm

Mark Shelley (22 June 2010)
“9th of Av Dates and Times (Tisha B’Av)”


Here is a list of dates and time relating to the 9th of Av this year.

I find this particularly relevant for myself as I will be flying out of Baghdad through Dubai to America during this time.  To top that off my request date was for one day after the 9th of Av.  It makes me wonder if God wants me out a day earlier for a reason.  It is rare that the company ticketing office, inexplicably, would give me a free day early out.  I leave Dubai about an hour after the start of the “Fast” Jerusalem time  and will arrive home shortly before it ends (long flight). I hope there aren’t scorch marks on my plane’s tail feathers when I arrive.  Look at the bottom of this page for a list of happenings on this date through time.

9th of AV: (Jerusalem Time)

Israel time –fast starts 19:11  19 Jul(10:36am CST om USA)– fast ends 20:11 20 Jul (11:36am CST om USA)

Dubai time      +1 hr  until DBX goes off DST then add 2

Baghad –       no change until Jerusalem goes off DST then add 1hr

CST –  subtract 8 hours

PST –   subtract 10 hours

Table from: http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0002072.html

Year Purim1 1st day
Passover
2
1st day
Shavuot
3
1st day
Rosh
Hashanah
4
Yom
Kippur
5
1st day
Sukkot
6
Shemini
Atzeret
7
1st day
Hanukkah
8
2001 March 9 April 8 May 28 Sept. 18 Sept. 27 Oct. 2 Oct. 9 Dec. 10
2002 Feb. 26 March 28 May 17 Sept. 7 Sept. 16 Sept. 21 Sept. 28 Nov. 30
2003 March 18 April 17 June 6 Sept. 27 Oct. 6 Oct. 11 Oct. 18 Dec. 20
2004 March 7 April 6 May 26 Sept. 16 Sept. 25 Sept. 30 Oct. 7 Dec. 8
2005 March 25 April 24 June 13 Oct. 4 Oct. 13 Oct. 18 Oct. 25 Dec. 26
2006 March 14 April 13 June 2 Sept. 23 Oct. 2 Oct. 7 Oct. 14 Dec. 16
2007 March 4 April 3 May 23 Sept. 13 Sept. 22 Sept. 27 Oct. 4 Dec. 5
2008 March 21 April 20 June 9 Sept. 30 Oct. 9 Oct. 14 Oct. 21 Dec. 22
2009 March 10 April 9 May 29 Sept. 19 Sept. 28 Oct. 3 Oct. 10 Dec. 12
2010 Feb. 28 March 30 May 19 Sept. 9 Sept. 18 Sept. 23 Sept. 30 Dec. 2
2011 March 20 April 19 June 8 Sept. 29 Oct. 8 Oct. 13 Oct. 20 Dec. 21
2012 March 8 April 7 May 27 Sept. 17 Sept. 26 Oct. 1 Oct. 8 Dec. 9
2013 Feb. 24 March 26 May 15 Sept. 5 Sept. 14 Sept. 19 Sept. 26 Nov. 28
2014 March 16 April 15 June 4 Sept. 25 Oct. 4 Oct. 9 Oct. 16 Dec. 17
2015 March 5 April 4 May 24 Sept. 14 Sept. 23 Sept. 28 Oct. 5 Dec. 7

Table from: http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/astronomy.html?n=27&month=7&year=2010&obj=sun&afl=-11&day=1

@ Jerusalem

Length of day Solar noon
Date Sunrise Sunset This day Difference Time Altitude Distance
(106 km)
19 Jul 2010 05:46 19:44 13h 57m 44s − 1m 04s 12:45 79.0° 152.017
20 Jul 2010 05:47 19:44 13h 56m 38s − 1m 05s 12:46 78.9° 152.005
21 Jul 2010 05:48 19:43 13h 55m 30s − 1m 07s 12:46 78.7° 151.993

moon

Date Moonrise Moonset Time Altitude Distance Illuminated Phase
(km)
19 Jul 2010 13:29 18:47 36.9° 381,140 63.5%
20 Jul 2010
14:33
00:01
19:41 33.8° 385,648 73.7%
21 Jul 2010
15:34
00:45
20:35 32.1° 389,852 82.6%

Table from: http://www.chabad.org/calendar/zmanim.asp?tDate=7/19/2010&c=247

Previous Monday, July 19, 2010 Next
8 Av, 5770
Eve of Fast – 9 Av
Times for: Jerusalem, Israel
Time Zone: +2 | DST: yes
Alot Hashachar (dawn) 4:22 am
Earliest Tallit and Tefillin 4:52 am
Netz Hachamah (sunrise) 5:47 am
Latest Shema 9:16 am
Zman Tefillah 10:26 am
Chatzot (midday) 12:45 pm
Minchah Gedolah (earliest Minchah) 1:20 pm
Minchah Ketanah 4:49 pm
Plag Haminchah 6:16 pm
Shkiah (sunset) | Fast Begins 7:44 pm
Tzeit Hakochovim (nightfall) 8:18 pm
Chatzot (midnight) 12:45 am
Previous Tuesday, July 20, 2010 Next
9 Av, 5770
Fast – 9 Av
Times for: Jerusalem, Israel
Time Zone: +2 | DST: yes
Alot Hashachar (dawn) 4:23 am
Earliest Tallit and Tefillin 4:52 am
Netz Hachamah (sunrise) 5:47 am
Latest Shema 9:16 am
Zman Tefillah 10:26 am
Chatzot (midday) 12:45 pm
Minchah Gedolah (earliest Minchah) 1:20 pm
Minchah Ketanah 4:49 pm
Plag Haminchah 6:16 pm
Shkiah (sunset) 7:44 pm
Fast Ends 8:11 pm
Tzeit Hakochovim (nightfall) 8:17 pm
Chatzot (midnight) 12:45 am
Sha’ah Zemanit (proportional hour) 69:45 min.
Exodus Generation Condemned to Die in Desert (1312 BCE) Less

On the Ninth of Av of the year 2449 from creation (1312 BCE), the generation of Jews who came out of Egypt under Moses’ leadership 16 months earlier were condemned to die in the desert and the entry into the Land of Israel was delayed for 40 years

As related in Numbers 14, when the Spies that Moses sent to the Land of Canaan returned with their disheartening report (see “Today in Jewish History” for yesterday, Av 8), the people wept all night — the night of Av 9th — proclaiming that they’d rather return to Egypt than attempt to conquer and settle it;

Holy Temples Destroyed; Birth of Moshiach (423 BCE and 69 CE)
Both the first and second Holy Temples which stood in Jerusalem were destroyed on Av 9: the First Temple by the Babylonians in the year 3338 from creation (423 BCE), and the second by the Romans in 3829 (69 CE).
Fall of Betar (133 CE)
Betar, the last stronghold in the heroic Bar Kochba rebellion, fell to the Romans
Expulsion from England (1290)
The Jews of England were expelled by King Edward I on this date in 1290
The Spanish Expulsion (1492)
The Jews of Spain were expelled by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella on the 9th of Av of 1492,
Laws and Customs Open All

The Fast of Tishah B’Av Less
Mourning the destruction of the Temple and the exile of Israel, (see “Today in Jewish History“) we abstain from eating and drinking, bathing, the wearing of leather footwear, and marital relations–for the night and day of Av 9 (i.e., from sundown on Av 8 to nightfall on Av 9). It is customary to sit on the floor or a low seat until after mid-day. Torah study is restricted to laws of mourning, passages describing the destruction of the Temple, and the like. The tefillin are worn only during the afternoon Minchah prayers.

Excerpt From:  http://www.hebroots.org/hebrootsarchive/0108/0108i.html

Christians continued the lamentations of Israel when Pope
Urban II began the First Crusade, and in 1290, where the Jews
were removed from England under King Edward I. In 1492,
the Spanish Inquisition removed Jews from Spain,
and in this
same year, the Messianic Jew, Christopher Colombus, sailed
in search of the New World and hopes for the future.

This may be true for those who immigrated to the America’s,
but not so for those throughout many parts of Europe. In 1555,
the Jews were separated and moved into a Roman ghetto, and
in 1914, World War I began which lead to the eventual rise of
Hitler. In 1942, Nazism, World War II, and the Holocaust killed
Polish Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto who were taken by the
Nazis on Tisha B’Av, deported, and numbered among the 800,000
innocent victims exterminated at Treblinka.

In 1990, the Gulf War begins, and Saddam Hussein (a type of
Nimrod/Marduk) raised his fist against Kuwait and the world; and
in a symbolic representation of Marduk and Hadrian’s planetary
deity, the comet Shoemaker-Levy 9, in 1994, smashed 20+
fragments into the planet Jupiter striking the planet with an
estimated energy equivalent of 6,000,000 megatons of TNT.
The resulting explosions created a scattering of fireballs
that left behind huge, dark variations on the planet’s surface

To end this on a happier note:

…the Temple Institute has embarked upon building the mizbeach – the stone altar. On the 9th of Av, 5769, (July 30, 2009)…. The altar, when completed, will stand 2 meters tall, 1 meter long, and 1 meter wide. Much smaller that the altar that stood in the Holy Temple courtyard, it will, nevertheless, fulfill the Torah requirements…. stones were then individually wrapped in heavy plastic and sealed, thus guaranteeing their untainted integrity as they were transported to the community of Mitzpe Yericho, 20 kilometers north-east of Jerusalem….

“Unfortunately, we cannot currently build the altar in its proper place, on the Temple Mount,” Temple Institute director Yehudah Glick explained. “We are building an altar of the minimum possible size so that we will be able to transport it to the Temple when it is rebuilt.”

The altar, when completed, will stand 2 meters tall, 1 meter long, and 1 meter wide. Much smaller that the altar that stood in the Holy Temple courtyard, it will, nevertheless, fulfill the Torah requirements. The rocks collected by the Dead Sea comprise 10 cubic meters and weigh several tons.

http://www.templeinstitute.org/building-an-altar-9th-av-5769.htm

Be Careful

Mark Shelley

Written by twelvebooks

June 23, 2010 at 2:41 am

June 22, 2010 Horizon The Well from Hell

The article that is posted here is very good in providing the readers with important information.

The perils facing us seem to be bigger than what the press is showing us.

For the part of the design of the containment cap in the article DelValle forensic engineering… the valve at the top of the solution was assumed to exist and to hold the 3,000 + psi of the calculations.

From the article it is known that the maximum shutoff valve pressure is 1,000 psi.

So a different solution is required to stop the flow once the caisson is in place.

The solution is to place a steel plate and 8 one and a half diameter bolts in it and close it with the bolts. See the sketch in the revised drawing.

Nando

http://www.petroleumworld.com/sf10062001.htm

petroleumworld`s
Opinion Forum:
viewpoints on issues in energy, geopolitics and civilization

Sunday’s
Feature

The Well from Hell

USCG

Fire boat response crews battle the blazing remnants of the off shore oil rig Deepwater Horizon, off Louisiana, in this handout photograph taken on April 21, 2010 and obtained on April 22, 2010.

By Christian A. DeHaemer

The Dwarves dug too greedily and too deep. You know what they awoke in the darkness of Khazad-dum… shadow and flame.

— Saruman, The Lord of the Rings

There is something primordial about BP’s quest for oil in the Gulf of Mexico. It’s an Icarus-like story of super-ambition; of reaching too far, delving too deep.

I don’t know if you’ve stopped to contemplate what BP was trying to do…

The well itself started 5,000 feet below the surface. That’s the depth of the Grand Canyon from the rim.

And then the company attempted to drill more than 30,000 feet below that — Mt. Everest would give 972 feet to spare.

Furthermore, the company sought oil in a dangerous area of the seabed.

It was unstable and many think BP sought it out because seismic data showed huge pools of methane gas — the very gas that blew the top off Deepwater Horizon and killed 11 people.

More than a year ago, geologists criticized Transocean for putting their exploratory rig directly over a massive underground reservoir of methane.

According to the New York Times , BP’s internal “documents show that in March, after several weeks of problems on the rig, BP was struggling with a loss of ‘well control.’ And as far back as 11 months ago, it was concerned about the well casing and the blowout preventer.”

The problem is that this methane, located deep in the bowels of the earth, is under tremendous pressure…

Some speculate as much as 100,000 psi — far too much for current technology to contain. The shutoff vales and safety measures were built for only 1,000 psi.

It was an accident waiting to happen… And there are many that say it could get worse — much worse.

Geologists are pointing to other fissures and cracks that are appearing on the ocean floor around the damaged wellhead.

According to CNN:

The University of South Florida recently discovered a second oil plume in the northeastern Gulf. The first plume was found by Mississippi universities in early May.

And there have been other plumes discovered by submersibles…

Some geologists say that BP’s arrogance has set off a series of events that may be irreversible. There are some that think that BP has drilled into an deep-core oil volcano that cannot be stopped, regardless of the horizontal drills the company claims will stop the oil plume in August.

Need the mudlogs

Geologist, Chris Landau, for instance, has called for a showing of the mudlogs. A mudlog is a schematic cross sectional drawing of the lithology (rock type) of the well that has been bored.

So far, no one has seen them… BP keeps them hidden.

Mr. Landau claims:

It is a dangerous game drilling into high pressure oil and gas zones because you risk having a blowout if your mud weight is not heavy enough. If you weight up your mud with barium sulfate to a very high level, you risk BLOWING OUT THE FORMATION.

What does that mean? It means you crack the rock deep underground; as the mudweight is now denser than the rock, it escapes into the rock in the pore spaces and the fractures. The well empties of mud. If you have not hit high pressure oil or gas at this stage, you are lucky.

But if you have, the oil and gas come flying up the well and you have a blowout, because you have no mud in the well to suppress the oil and gas. You shut down the well with the blowout preventer. If you do not have a blowout preventer, you are in trouble as we have all seen and you can only hope that the oil and gas pressure will naturally fall off with time, otherwise you have to try and put a new blowout preventer in place with oil and gas coming out as you work.

Obviously, the oil and gas pressure hasn’t fallen off

In fact… it’s increased.

The problem is that BP may not only have hit the mother of high-pressure wells, but there is also a vast amount of methane down there that could come exploding out like an underwater volcano.

I recently heard a recording of Richard Hoagland who was interviewed on Coast to Coast AM.

Mr. Hoagland has suggested that there are cracks in the ocean floor, and that pressure at the base of the wellhead is approximately 100,000 psi.

Furthermore, geologists believe there are another 4-5 cracks or fissions in the well. Upon using a GPS and Depth finder system, experts have discovered a large gas bubble, 15-20 miles across and tens of feet high, under the ocean floor.

These bubbles are common. Many believe they have caused the sinking of ships and planes in the Bermuda Triangle.

That said, a bubble this large — if able to escape from under the ocean floor through a crack — would cause a gas explosion that Mr. Hoagland likens to Mt. St. Helens… only under water.

The BP well is 50 miles from Louisiana. Its release would send a toxic cloud over populated areas. The explosion would also sink any ships and oil structures in the vicinity and create a tsunami which would head toward Florida at 600 mph.

Now, many people have called Hoagland a fringe thinker and a conspiracy theorist. And they may be right… But that doesn’t mean he isn’t on to something.

EPA finds high concentrations of gases in the area

The escape of other poison gases associated with an underground methane bubble (such as hydrogen sulfide, benzene, and methylene chloride) have been found.

Last Thursday, the EPA measured hydrogen sulfide at 1,000 parts per billion — well above the normal 5 to 10 ppb. Some benzene levels were measured near the Gulf of Mexico in the range of 3,000 – 4,000 ppb — up from the normal 0-4 ppb.

More speculation of doom

The Oil Drum , an industry sheet, recently ran an article about the sequence of events that tried to stop the oil spill.

The upshot of industry insiders was that after trying a number of ways to close off the leak, the well was compromised, creating other leaks due to the high pressure. BP then cut the well open and tried to capture the oil.

In other words: BP shifted from stopping the gusher to opening it up and catching what oil it could.

The only reason sane oil men would do this is if they wanted to relieve pressure at the leak hidden down below the seabed… And that sort of leak — known as a “down hole” leak — is one of the most dangerous kind.

No stopping it

It means that BP can’t stop if from above; it can only relieve the pressure.

So, more oil is leaking out while BP hopes it can drill new wells before the current one completely erodes.

BP is in a race against time… It just won’t admit this fact.

According to the Oil Drum:

There are abrasives still present, a swirling flow will create hot spots of wear and this erosion is relentless and will always be present until eventually it wears away enough material to break it’s way out. It will slowly eat the bop away especially at the now pinched off riser head and it will flow more and more. Perhaps BP can outrun or keep up with that out flow with various suckage methods for a period of time, but eventually the well will win that race, just how long that race will be?

… No one really knows…

Which leads us back to Mr. Landau’s point about the mudlogs and why BP won’t release them.

I don’t know… Maybe I’m wearing my tinfoil hat too tight this morning… But this stuff seems possible — if it’s only a worst case scenario.

What strikes me as odd is the way the leadership of BP and the Obama administration is acting.

BP is running around apologizing to everyone they can find. Obama says give us $20 billion in escrow and $100 million for the people Obama put out of work on the oil rigs due to his six month ban — and BP says, “Sure thing mate, no problem.”

And all of this in a 20-minute meeting?

I’ve been dealing with oil companies for a long time and it just doesn’t add up…

Contrast it, for instance, with the Exxon situation in Alaska or the Union Carbide disaster in India.

Exxon fought tooth and nail for its shareholders; it appealed court rulings for 19 years. Union Carbide wasn’t settled for 25 years.

BP is rolling over like a simpering dog. Why?

The only reason I can think of is that the company knows — better if not as well as the Obama administration does — that it will get worse.

Much worse.

I’ve put together a list of oil cleanup stocks for the readers of my Crisis & Opportunity . Many are running, and one has pulled back into a solid buy range. Three more are on my buy list.

All I know is that this spill isn’t even half over.

Oil in the Gulf will lead the news-cycle for the foreseeable future.

And the companies that make products that stop, absorb, or disperse oil have an endless supply of work.

Their share prices have nowhere to go but up.

Christian DeHaemer is the Editor of Energy and Capital . Petroleumworld does not necessarily share these views.

Editor’s Note: This commentary was originally published in Energy and Capital, on June 18, 2010. Petroleumworld reprint this article in the interest of our readers .

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Written by twelvebooks

June 22, 2010 at 5:37 pm

Posted in Horizon Oil Well

Mercer (19 June 2010) “Greatest Earthquake in History and the Israel Connection”

In today’s Miami Herald they have an article that mentions Fidel Castro writing a reflection letter against Israel. Castro better take a look at this article and what happened in Chile in the city of Concepcion and their heavy population of Palestinians. Fidel Christ will chastise you strongly for your anti Israel stand.

Nando

http://www.fivedoves.com/letters/june2010/mercer619-2.htm

Mercer (19 June 2010)
Greatest Earthquake in History and the Israel Connection


Greatest Earthquake in History and the Israel Connection – John McTernan –  www.johnmcternansinsights.blogspot.com
Revelation 16:18
And there were voices, and thunders, and lightning’s; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon the earth, so mighty an earthquake, and so great. (19) And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath. (20) And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found.
2010 Chile Earthquake
On February 27, 2010, a massive 8.8 magnitude earthquake struck Chile. This was the fifth most powerful earthquake on record. The earthquake was off shore and the area of land that was directly impacted was not heavily populated. The loss of life was light considering the power of this quake: however, the damage to buildings and this nation’s infrastructure was extensive.
What was extremely interesting about this earthquake was the epicenter on land was the city of Concepcion. This city and the surrounding area is the center of the largest Palestinian population outside of the Middle East. There are approximately 500,000 Palestinians living in Chile. The epicenter was under the feet of the Palestinian population and actually moved the city of Concepcion 10 feet to the West!
In 2009, Chile started to become very pro-Palestinian. President Mahmoud Abbas visited the nation and tried to persuade Chile to recognize a Palestinian state in the United Nations. During the visit, the following statement was made about the land of Israel: “In a joint declaration with Chilean President Michelle Bachelet, Abbas reaffirmed “the pressing need for Israel to cease illegal settlements in the Palestinian territories.”
Three months to the day after this joint declaration the nation of Chile was devastated by the massive earthquake. What is also very significant is that on March 11, 2010, the very day of Chile’s new president’s inauguration, the country was hit with four very powerful aftershocks. One that reached 7.2 magnitude. These aftershocks hitting at the very time of the inauguration is very telling that something is going on with Chile and the Holy God of Israel. The fact the epicenter of this enormous earthquake was literally under the feet of the Chilean Palestinians is even more telling. At the time of the earthquake, the Palestinians in Israel were rioting because the Israelis had claimed several Biblical sites as national parks. The Palestinians in Chile were supporting them.
1960 Chile Earthquake
Although the 2010 earthquake was extremely powerful, it pales in comparison to the earthquake that hit Chile on May 22, 1960. This earthquake known as the Valdivia Earthquake was 9.6 magnitude and was the most powerful in recorded history. This earthquake has ominous prophetic implications and warnings. It is a picture of the massive earthquakes described in the Bible which strike during the Day of The LORD.
Tsunami Effect of 1960 Quake
The power and destruction of this earthquake is unmatched in modern history. The earthquake ruptured a fault line for 600 miles and devastated the coast of Chile, but its power affected the entire Pacific rim. It sent massive tsunamis racing across the Pacific Ocean. Waves up to 35 feet high smashed in an arc from Alaska to New Zealand. Japan and Hawaii were heavily damaged by the tsunamis. The tsunamis swept over small islands off Chile’s coast literally causing the towns to disappear. Lesser waves hit the coasts of South and Central America along with the United States.
In Chile, the earthquake triggered five volcanoes and caused a new one to erupt! It triggered massive landslides and cut all lines of communication, roads and power. One of the most awesome aspects was that two small mountains disappeared! There were numerous after-shocks and the people of Chile were terrorized by these events. To many, it must have seemed like the end of the world.
The Israel Connection
On May 11, 1960, Israeli agents captured Adolf Eichmann in Argentina, and on May 21, he was brought back to Israel for trial. On May 23, Israel announced to the world the capture of Eichmann. He was the Nazi architect of the holocaust and was responsible for the death of over six million Jews. Eichmann was tried in Israel and found guilty of this mass murder. In 1961 he was executed.
On the day Eichmann was landed in Israel there were four fore-shocks 7.0 or greater in magnitude in Chile with the largest being 7.9. The epicenter of this 7.9 earthquake was under Concepcion which has the largest Palestinian population outside the Middle East. These four earthquakes by themselves would have been an awesome event, but they were overshadowed the next day by the massive 9.6 monster. There were five powerful earthquakes within 48 hours after the Nazi architect of the holocaust set foot on Israel! The earth was literally shaking at this time. Many of the world newspapers had the arrest of Eichmann and this earthquake on the front page together! On both the radio and TV news, these stories were back to back!. These two events had the attention of the entire world.
What are the chances of the greatest earthquake in modern history occurring at the very time the architect of the holocaust was arrested and then both events are front page headlines around the world? This appears as a warning from the Holy God of Israel that the holocaust is past and in the future such attacks on the Jewish people are going to be met with the massive earthquakes which are described in both the Old and New Testaments of the Bible. This earthquake was a clear warning of what is going to happen at the battle of Armageddon, when the nations of the world are following up on what Eichmann and the Nazis started.
Earthquakes in the Bible
Earthquakes are mentioned in the Bible and what is interesting is the timing of the event. God times the earthquake, so it then becomes a warning or a weapon. An earthquake occurred at the death of the Lord Jesus on the cross that gained everyone’s attention:
Matthew 27:54 “Now when the centurion, and they that were with him, watching Jesus, saw the earthquake, and those things that were done, they feared greatly, saying, Truly this was the Son of God.”
The Bible warns that as the Day of LORD approaches which will usher in the Battle of Armageddon and the Second Coming of Jesus Christ, there will be an increase in great earthquakes. The Greek word used for great is mega. We now use the term mega-earthquake to describe one that is awesome. Both the 8.8 and 9.6 magnitude earthquakes fit the description of mega. The gospel writers warn that world-wide mega-earthquakes will be a major sign of the approaching Day of The LORD and God’s judgment on the world:
Matthew 24:7 “For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes, in divers places.”
Mark 13:8 “For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be earthquakes in diverse places, and there shall be famines and troubles: these are the beginnings of sorrows.”
Luke 21:11 “And great earthquakes shall be in divers places, and famines, and pestilences; and fearful sights and great signs shall there be from heaven.”
The Bible gives very specific details about the timing and magnitude of earthquakes that occur regarding the rebirth of the nation of Israel. The Jewish people would be driven from Israel into all nations for a specific time period. They would return to Jerusalem which would be trodden down until “The Times of the Gentiles” (non-Jews) were fulfilled. As “The Times of the Gentiles” draws to a close and the Second Coming of Jesus Christ approaches, awesome natural events are going to happen.
Luke 21:11 describes great earthquakes, but then Luke adds distress of nations with the sea and waves roaring. The seas roaring fits the description of massive tsunamis. The great earthquakes are going to trigger volcanic eruptions and massive tsunamis through the earth. These earthquakes and related events are so dramatic that they are going to cause people’s hearts to fail with fear!
Luke 21:24 “And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled. (25) And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring; (26) Men’s hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth: for the powers of heaven shall be shaken.”
The Bible gives very specific details about what happens when the nations of the world confederate in an attempt to destroy Israel and the Jewish people. As these massive armies invade Israel with all their weapons of war, the Holy God of Israel responds with His weapons. One weapon are mighty earthquakes. With perfect timing, massive earthquakes are unleashed on the invaders. Earthquakes seem to be the first line of defense in defending the nation of Israel.
After the Jews return to Israel, the prophet Ezekiel describes a massive invasion led by Russia with confederated Islamic nations. He describes their army like a cloud that covers the land. When this army reaches the Mountains of Israel, the first weapon that God unleashes is a mega-earthquake. At this time, Israel does not defend itself, but the God of Israel is their defense. The earthquake is so powerful, that it affects the entire earth and mountains fall.
Ezekiel 38:19,20 “For in my jealousy and in the fire of my wrath have I spoken, Surely in that day there shall be a great shaking in the land of Israel; So that the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the heaven, and the beasts of the field, and all creeping things that creep upon the earth, and all the men that are upon the face of the earth, shall shake at my presence, and the mountains shall be thrown down, and the steep places shall fall, and every wall shall fall to the ground.”
When all the armies of the world surround Jerusalem and are in the process of destroying, this event triggers the Second Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ. At His Second Coming, He returns to defend Jerusalem and the Jewish people from a 200,000,000 man army that has gathered around Jerusalem. When the feet of Jesus Christ stand on the top of the Mount of Olives, it shall split in two causing a massive valley miles wide! The Mount of Olives is huge which means a mega-earthquake caused this massive valley. This will be the opening salvo against this army, as the Lord Jesus destroys it. This event takes place during what the Bible calls “The Day of The LORD.” There will be massive earthquakes leading up to this one. When the Lord Jesus stands upon the Mount of Olives, this will be the final earthquake.
Zechariah 14:4 “And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south. (5) And ye shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the LORD my God shall come, and all the saints with thee.”
The mega-earthquakes which occurred on May 21 and 22, 1960 were a small prelude to what is going to happen during “The Day of the LORD.” On May 22, 1960, the massive earthquake struck that triggered volcanoes. These volcanoes were pouring huge amounts of fire and smoke into the air. It set off powerful tsunamis which caused roaring waves across the oceans. The tsunamis washed over islands. The earthquake caused mountains to disappear! It was the perfect picture of what is going to happen when the nations of the world try to destroy Israel and at the Second Coming of the Lord Jesus. The final mega-earthquake will be as a 20.0 magnitude as all others will pale in comparison.
Revelation 16:18 And there were voices, and thunders, and lightning’s; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon the earth, so mighty an earthquake, and so great. (19) And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath. (20) And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found.
The Jews are back in the land and Jerusalem is its capital. The world is upset with the Jews over Jerusalem and many nations are now preparing for war. The clouds of war are building and could ignite the battle that leads to Armageddon. These massive earthquakes are a warning to what is about to come. Mega-earthquakes lie just ahead as God is going to literally shake this world.
The battle line is now being drawn before your very eyes. The Jews are back in the land and Jerusalem is once again their capital. The mega-earthquakes are warnings of the judgment to come. Are you ready? Are you on God’s side of this coming battle? Is Jesus Christ your Lord and Savior?

Written by twelvebooks

June 21, 2010 at 2:04 am

June 20, 2010 DEL VALLE FORENSIC ENGINEERING INVESTIGATION OF THE HORIZON OIL WELL DISASTER AND A SOLUTION TO STOP THE FLOW OF OIL

HORIZON OIL SPILL SOLUTION-REV-06-22-10 Model (1

This report explains the oil disaster in more scientific terms and defines the terms used by the press and TV stations.

Nando

DEL VALLE ENGINEERING, INC.

STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS

MIAMI, FLORIDA

DEL VALLE FORENSIC ENGINEERING INVESTIGATION OF THE HORIZON OIL WELL DISASTER AND A SOLUTION TO STOP THE FLOW OF OIL

June 18, 2010

The media that has covered the “Horizon Deep Oil Well disaster” has issued several statements about the oil pressure encountered in the well. Many times they have made statements that they do not know what the pressure is and that it is something that is beyond our present scope of knowledge. The rate that oil is flowing is also subject to wild numbers.

As a licensed and practicing civil engineer of the State of Florida I must say that this statement is false. The technology to solve this problem is readily available to any engineering firm in the USA that has been involved in the design or construction of extensive infrastructure projects.

To properly understand what the issues are, I am going to engage in something that is called forensic engineering.

The first thing we have to do is to define what pressure is and how pressure is acting at all points in the Horizon well.

Definition

atmospheric pressure noun

n [U] specialized

the force with which the atmosphere presses down on the surface of the Earth

http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/british/atmospheric-pressure

Expanding on the above definition to the case in point I will expand the above definition to pressures at the oil well outlet at 5,000 feet under the ocean.

The following data is known to the general public and the statement that BP engineers have more accurate data than this is beyond any reasonable doubt.

1                 Depth of the oil well outlet is 5,000 feet from the surface of the ocean.

2                 Size of the pipe 21” diameter and made of steel

3                 Numerous videos shown on TV and the internet of the leaking pipe and the breaks with the oil going out. The connection of the pipe to the Blowout Preventer has also been shown.  The video has shown the bottom of the ocean floor.

4                 The depth of the reservoir of oil is 30,000 feet below the surface of the ocean.

From the above information I will start my investigation and with the facts uncovered I will design a structure that will close the oil well.

The design of this structure could have been more accurate if I would have had the soil reports at the well site, the details of the blowout preventer and the 21” pipe. Lacking these details I will assume the dimensions and materials that were used.

A)              INVESTIGATION

One cubic foot of water weighs = 62.4 pounds

One cubic foot of oil weighs = 51.16 pounds

Pressure at ocean floor:

Pwater at 5,000 feet deep = 62.4 x 5,000 = 312,000 psf = 2,167 psi (pounds per square inch)

Poil at 5,000 feet deep = 51.16 x 5,000 = 255,800 psf = 1,776 psi (pounds per square inch)

When the well was in operation before the platform burned and the 21” pipe collapsed to the ocean floor the system also had the pressure of the reservoir on it. We will call this additional pressure Preservoir.

The pressure inside the pipe at the location of the oil well outlet from the ground = Preservoir + Poil , and outside the pipe we have Pwater . The only unknown is Preservoir and we are going to find out what the maximum value is for this number from the forensic evidence that we have.

We start this investigation by analyzing a similar pipe 21 inches in diameter and with a thickness of ½ inch. We use a pipe made of structural steel A500 Grade C. See http://www.steeltubeinstitute.org/pdf/brochures/producers_capabilities.pdf

for the round steel pipe. From the Manual of Steel Construction of the AISC we obtain the following data.

Fy (minimum yield stress) = 50,000 psi

Fu (minimum tensile stress) = 62,000 psi

These are the highest values for steel stress of round pipes.

If we take this pipe and pressure test a piece about 20 feet long until it breaks we can expect to see a bulging of the walls and a burst or explosion making a hole at some point in the pipe.

This kind of pressure failure is caused by concentric ring stress applied from the inside out. Concentric failure can also occur by crushing in, if the pressure is applied on an empty pipe from the outside.

Another type of pipe failure is bending. If you sit this pipe 20’ long at the ends and apply a concentrated load at the center perpendicular to the pipe this pipe will break at the middle. To illustrate this failure take a straw and hold it at the ends and bend it at the middle and see how it breaks.

This type of failure is the one seen in the videos of the pipe that resulted from the pipe bending from its weight when it fell to the bottom of the ocean just after it lost its anchor at the oil well platform. Think of a building two and a half times taller than the twin towers collapsing on its side.

To further support this assumption let us analyze next the flow of oil shown on the videos of the broken pipe.

Think of a pool that has a filtering system and the outlets that re-circulate the water back in, the flow is defined and laminar and it displaces the water in the pool. If we increase the pressure of the pipe the displacement will reach a longer distance and we would be able to feel the pressure at a farther distance.

What we observe at the break of the pipe videos is the oil diffusing into the water and not shooting out for a big distance before diffusing. This implies that the difference in pressure from the oil inside the pipe to the water outside is not very big.

Now we are going to get a little more technical but I will try my best to explain in terms that you can understand and scientific enough so that other engineers can follow also.

To determine the pressure under which this 20 foot long test pipe would fail we use a technical reference by T.Y. Lin from his book Design of Prestress Concrete Structures Cpyright 1955, 1963 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. to get an equation of wall tension in a cylindrical structure with pressure applied at the inside.

The formula for circular ring force in cylindrical surfaces is given by a very simple formula:

T = Rp

T = tensile force in a ring section

R = internal radius of pipe

p = internal pressure of pipe

Solving for the unknown p:

p = T / R

We must find T to solve the above equation, and this is easy to do. Let us take a piece of ½” thick pipe, 1” long and figure the cross sectional area. Think of a wedding ring cut in half or see drawing.

Apipe = 0.5 x 1 = 0.5 in2 (square inches)

T = Apipe x Fu = 0.5 x 62,000 = 31,000 # (pounds)

R = 10 inches

So:

p = T / R = 31,000 / 10 = 3,100 psi

With this information we can find the maximum pressure that could have been in this pipe. If the pipe would have failed in a pressure mode there would have been no way of determining the maximum pressure using this procedure due to the fact that any internal pressure above 3,100 psi would have exploded the pipe.

Fortunately that is not the case and we can use this number in the design of our containment caisson. We can also use this number to find the maximum pressure that is in the reservoir of oil.

Now let us understand a little more about pressure inside the pipe. The pipe starts at the reservoir of oil and went up to the surface of the ocean. Each point along this whole length of 35,000 feet has a different pressure. We will start our investigation at the bottom of the well in the bottom of the ocean.

At this point the pipe before the accident had a pressure that was bigger than the pressure outside the pipe and the oil was contained. Now let us do the numbers to find the maximum pressure that the pipe can take at this point. Preservoir is the reservoir pressure at the bottom of the sea.

Preservoir at the bottom of sea + Poil – Pwater = p = 3,100 psi

Preservoir at the bottom of sea = 3,100 – Poil + Pwater = 3,100 – 1,776 + 2,167 = 3,491 psi

Now the maximum pressure inside the reservoir at 30,000 feet below the ocean floor can be found

Preservoir at the bottom of the earth = Poil on earth pipe + Preservoir at the bottom of sea = 30,000 x 51.16 / 144 + 3,491

Preservoir at the bottom of the earth = 10,658 psi + 3,491 psi = 14,149 psi

This value is bigger due to the fact that the oil pressure must overcome friction from the walls of the pipe to get up the whole 30,000 feet, but for our discussion and design this refinement is not needed.

Design of caisson containment structure

With the pipe full of oil above the blowout preventer removed there is a column of oil 5,000 feet high that was replaced with a column of water 5,000 feet high, so let us reduce the pressure by the difference between oil and water pressures.

Preservoir at the bottom of sea = 3,100 – (2,167 – 1,776) = 2,709 psi (no pipe above well, present condition)

It is important to understand that the above number is a maximum based on my forensic engineering site investigation. The actual existing pressure may be a lot smaller. The design is going to be based on this number with a factor of safety of 1.2.

Factor of Safety F.S. = 1.2

Preservoir at the bottom of sea x FS = 2,709 x 1.2 = 3,250 psi

Area of cavity ceiling inside the caisson Aceiling = πR2 = 3.1416 x 6.52 = 133 ft2 = 19,113 in2

Force from oil pressure pushing caisson up = 3,250 x 19,113 = 62,117,250 #

To counteract this force I am using the pressure of the water above the caisson that is pushing down. For this force to act on the caisson the walls of the caisson must be bearing at the ocean floor so that no water or oil pressures are acting there to push up. Find the Area required to accomplish this force balance.

Awp = πR2

Solving for R

R = √ Awp / π = 123 inches = 10.3 ft use 10 ft

A steel plate used at the bottom of the caisson is there to prevent the flow of oil from going out

from the inner chamber of the caisson or water from coming in.

Now if BP was able to place a very small cap to partially reduce the flow of oil the question that begs asking is what kind of pressure is there going out that would allow the cap to be placed on top. Think of a fire hose going full blast and somebody with a cap trying to shut it off.

It is obvious that further forensic engineering is required in this problem. A video of the full length of pipe should be made and then the collapsed pipe taken out and forensically studied.

The same can be said of the burned oil platform. Videos can tell a significant story to trained observers.

As a further safety factor against exceeding pressure the concrete weight of the caisson is 1,465,000 pounds. This weight divided by the surface area of the ceiling inside translates to an additional 77 psi of pressure acting against the oil well. This means that when the design pressure is exceeded by 77 psi the caisson will lift up letting the oil escape relieving the pressure. Think of the pressure cooker in your kitchen and the steel safety valve that starts hissing when the pressure rises.

Written by twelvebooks

June 20, 2010 at 5:40 pm

Posted in Horizon Oil Well

Randy (19 June 2010) “So…let me get this right about the Gulf Oil coming explosion, tsunami and evacuation of 40 million people….”

As I said in my previous post here is another opinion article about the oil.

Nando

http://www.fivedoves.com/letters/june2010/randy619.htm

Randy (19 June 2010)
So…let me get this right about the Gulf Oil coming explosion, tsunami and evacuation of 40 million people….


Bet ya dinner in heaven that this is NOT going to happen…….So……per the post about the Coast to Coast radio show……1) Big 15-20 mile gas bubble building up below the surface in the Gulf. . (It’s not rising to the surface like most big bubbles do?)
2) The bubble is going to explode, in the next few weeks or months……..and cause a HUGE tsunami….
3) But before that happens, and the government already knows about this, they are going to evacuate up to 40 million people??  That’s more people than the total population of Florida, Miss, Alabama and La combined!

and

4) This will lead to civil war

and, finally

5) to a Banking collapse….

Somewhere along the way, there has to be a reality check on the information that is passed along…..or at least some comment on the potential VALIDITY of what is really going on.

Consider me that reality check……sorry ……

Still, YFIC,

Randy

ps…I will say this…..throw in ONE MORE BIG catastrophe in the United States…..an earthquake or something else that is HUGE…….and the near-term future economic viability of the United States will fade to zero.  THEN, and only then, would the United States leadership in the world fade, to allow the revived Roman Empire (The Euro-zone) to rise to power……and the A/c and the Rapture….and all of that coming true.

Don’t get me wrong the problem in the Gulf is HUGE HUGE HUGE….and I’m not sure how it plays out in the coming few months…..but I don’t see them using nukes, or evacuations, or gas bubble blowouts and tsunamis………

Written by twelvebooks

June 19, 2010 at 2:00 pm